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    讓班級管理煥發新的光彩綜述

    來源:未知 編輯:admin 時間:2018-10-22
    導讀: 《班主任工作》論文 論文題目:讓班集體管理煥發新的風采 姓 名:許娜 單 位:黨峪鎮洪家屯小學 班 級:六年級 讓班集體管理煥發新的風采 ——淺談“鯰魚效應”在班主任工作中的實踐與探索 黨峪鎮洪家屯小學 許娜 【內容摘要】 學校大隊部一則“請各班成立班隊委

    《班主任工作》論文

    論文題目:讓班集體管理煥發新的風采 姓 名:許娜

    單 位:黨峪鎮洪家屯小學 班 級:六年級

    讓班集體管理煥發新的風采

    ——淺談“鯰魚效應”在班主任工作中的實踐與探索

    黨峪鎮洪家屯小學 許娜

    【內容摘要】

    學校大隊部一則“請各班成立班隊委,班委務必佩戴標志上崗”的通知,在班里掀起軒然大波,人人都想競選做“有標志戴的班委”。這讓筆者想起“鯰魚效應”——以前,沙丁魚在運輸過程中成活率很低。后有人發現,若在沙丁魚中放一條鲇魚,情況卻有所改觀,成活率會大大提高。班主任如何抓住這次班委改選的契機讓班級煥發新的風采嗎?筆者從“鯰魚效應”帶來的啟示,運用策略兩方面來談談。

    【關鍵詞】班委改選 鯰魚效應 班集體管理

    一、緣起—— “班委的改選”帶來的新困惑

    這個學期學校大隊部下了一個通知,要求每個班級通過學生自愿報名,競選演講,民主選舉成立每個班級的中隊委和小隊委,這個學期要求大家務必戴標志上崗。教室里炸開了鍋,每個人都來問了這次班委競選的要求和“究竟哪些班委有得掛杠杠?”其實這些問題,通知上都有。

    我班35人,有29來競選了中隊委,錄取比例29:6。沒選上的第二天繼續競選小隊長,錄取比例23:6。課代表競選空無一人,理由是“沒有杠杠掛”。

    沒有選上中隊委和小隊委的同學最后參加了課代表的競選,3天的競選活動結束后,全班31人幾乎人人有職務。大家制定了班級管理條約,其中有一條“只要是干部都可以參加每個月和期末的優秀班

    干部評選。”另外為了滿足人人都有想當中隊長的夢想,班級設立值日班長,任期兩天,第一天適應,第二天正式考核工作,值日班長同樣佩戴中隊委標志。

    此事讓我很意外,其實我們班級一直有班委和各個崗位負責人,只是大家佩戴標志上崗的意識不強,于是大家只是“干活”的干部和干事,從不覺得“杠杠”有多么重要。沒想到這次的大隊部通知“務必佩戴標志上崗” 一石激起千層浪,學生居然那么熱衷這左手臂上的鮮紅的“杠杠”。

    二、思考——“鲇魚效應”的理論依據

    《小學生心理學》中對五年級學生心理的描述是“尊敬功課好的人;競爭心日漸增強;開始組織小團體;單純的口頭褒獎派不上用場了。”這次“班委改選”事件的發生是正常和合理的。

    “競選班委”這件事情,還讓我想起一個很有名的理論——鲇魚效應(Catfish Effect)。

    以前,沙丁魚在運輸過程中成活率很低。后有人發現,若在沙丁魚中放一條鲇魚,情況卻有所改觀,成活率會大大提高。這是何故呢?

    原來鲇魚在到了一個陌生的環境后,就會“性情急躁”,四處亂游,這對于大量好靜的沙丁魚來說,無疑起到了攪拌作用;而沙丁魚發現多了這樣一個“異已分子”,自然也很緊張,加速游動。這樣沙丁魚缺氧的問題就迎刃而解了,沙丁魚也就不會死了。

    三、探索——“鲇魚效應”的實踐與運用

    當一個集體的工作達到較穩定的狀態時,常常意味著班干部工工作積極性的降低,“一團和氣”的集體不一定是一個高效率的集體,這時候“鯰魚效應”將起到很好的“醫療”作用。一個班級中,如果始終有一位“鯰魚式”的人物,無疑會激活班干部隊伍,提高工作業績。

    “鯰魚效應”是班集體激發學生和學生干部活力的有效措施之一。它表現在兩方面,一是班干部要不斷補充新鮮血液,把那些有夢想,愿意為班級服務的同學加入班委,設立“值日班長”,建立每月考核制,給那些固步自封、因循守舊的懶惰班委帶來競爭壓力,才能喚起“沙丁魚”們的生存意識和競爭求勝之心。二是讓每個同學都來管理班級,建立大家的主人翁意識,培養每個人的管理能力和自我約束的能力。

    關于鯰魚效應的應用,參考鯰魚效應在人力資源管理學中的理論,結合班主任工作管理的實踐來談談筆者的一些觀點與做法。 ◇以中隊委代表為本體,激發管理者的主觀能動性。

    中隊委即一個班級的領導核心,學生行為規范和學習的榜樣。通過前幾個學期的共同學習和共同工作,在競爭已趨惰性的死氣沉沉的沙丁魚箱內,沙丁魚就象征著一批同質性極強的群體,班級長期只選舉了班長副班長和學習委員三大班委,已經缺乏創新和主動性,平時基本都是“活兒大家干,風頭三人出”,大家都希望給自己一個“名分”。鯰魚領導者的到來(或者內部沙丁魚進化成鯰魚),新官上任

    三把火,整頓紀律,規范制度,改造流程,合理配置崗位和人、物,正式的班委班子成立了,無能的沙丁魚被吃了、趕走了,有能耐的沙丁魚得到了正面的激勵,這樣整個機構呈現欣欣向榮的景象,大多數人的“中隊長夢”得到滿足了。在鯰魚領導者的帶領下,整個班級的活力都被調動起來,從而使集體的力量更加強大,做一個“德智體美勞”全面發展的中隊委員成了大家宣讀就職演說時最頻繁出現的詞語。那么班主任也請中隊委員給一個承諾“做到你們就職演說時說的!”6份就職演說貼在教室的宣傳欄里。

    從這個角度看,鯰魚領導者應該具備如下特質:(排列不分順序)

    1- 熱愛集體、熱愛同學:現在的學生只會接受愛,記住“沒有付出就沒有回報”,要學會愛人。既要把自己當作組織的一部分(相對于漁夫,鯰魚領導者本身也是沙丁魚,漁夫才是領導者),又要把自己看成一個小系統中的領導者,能夠帶動同學們,取得良好的成績。

    2- 為民服務、無私奉獻:干部干部,不為民干活,算什么干部,作為一個班委要有為集體,為同學服務的意識,你是同學民主選舉產生的,你就該做一頭孺子牛。

    3- 團結和諧、勤奮好學:提倡團結和諧的班級氛圍,創造勤奮好學的學習氛圍,把自己在學習和生活的心得體會帶給同學們,一枝獨秀不是春,百花齊放春滿園。

    4- 辦事果斷、雷厲風行:迅速發現班級管理存在的問題,科學地決策,并能夠監督決策的執行,及時管理班級事務。

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